Norway Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)

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Introduction

Although there are many types off rodents, one of the most common is the Rattus norvegicus, more commonly known as the brown rat. As the brown rat has found its way to several continents, many will find that this type of rodent is referred to using different terminology, which includes but aren’t limited to the following. Parisian Rat, Norwegian Rat, Common Rat, Sewer Rat, Hanover Rat, Wharf Rat.
The Norway rat is one of the largest rodents in the world and is a dominant species in most of Europe and North America. The brown rat is often considered a pest, mainly because of the danger it poses, and the health risks imposed by the presence of Norway rat droppings and urine.

Description

To many, different breeds of rats can look similar, but Norway rats are renowned for their larger size. Rattus norvegicus averages around 16 inches, Weighing 350 - 500g and can be grey or brown with a lighter underbelly. Another common trait of the Norway rat is short dense fur that can be found all over their body aside from their nose, ears and tail.

Biology

The Norway rat will have around 3 - 8 litters per year, which may produce around
5 - 8 young per litter.
With a gestation period of about 21 days, and maturity within 2 - 3 months. The average life span is 9 - 12 months.

Food

Rats will eat a lot of whatever they can get, but will normally eat seeds, grain, fruit, nuts, veg etc, but can and will eat smaller animals and insects if hungry and willing to hunt.

Habitat

Rats may take harbourage within your walls under, decking in gardens, burrow under property, basements, lofts, usually living there is access to a water supply

Reasons for control

Property Damage
Rats can gnaw through electrical cables, skirting boards, old sealant to gain entry

Food Safety
Rat droppings and urine can cause health issues, the potential of disease, which is why many homes and businesses fear an infestation.

​Weil's disease can be transmitted to humans from contact with rats or their urine
Like other rodents, the Norway rat can carry many different pathogens which have the potential to lead to disease, examples of which are as follows:

Rat Bite Fever

Weil’s Disease

Q Fever

​Wash down surfaces regularly if you have an infestation
An infestation of rats is often rapid due to Norway rats having multiple partners and achieve sexual maturity quickly. As such, those looking to avoid an infestation need to ensure that all waste is managed the right way and that any storage areas for foods are kept secure. It can also be a good idea to ensure that all repairs around the home or business are fixed as soon as possible.

Detecting an infestation

Detecting what and where your pest coming is from is key to any pest prevention.
If you are coming downstairs every morning to a fresh batch of droppings in the kitchen but have no idea where they come from, it could be a long while before you get rid of them. Identification is important, what to look for and to react quickly will greatly benefit you in the long term.

Droppings
Droppings are a very good indication that you have an infestation. Rat droppings are like a coffee bean in size.

Gaps to property
External entry points can be sealed.

Smear marks
Smear marks is another good indication, look around surfaces for smear marks caused by the underbelly of a rat.

Know your options

Do It Yourself
Let us not play around, doing it yourself is not always easy. But it can be cost-effective even if you end up hiring someone else to complete the job. If you are coming downstairs every morning to a fresh batch of droppings in the kitchen but have no idea where they come from, it could be a long while before you get rid of them. Identification is important, what to look for and to react quickly will greatly benefit you in the long term.

Pest Control Company
In truth, most pest companies give a good image of themselves and do a good job. Like any industry, you will get your good companies and not so good. Like any trade, we would suggest someone who comes recommended. Failing that, you can search through our directory to find a registered pest control company. These will be licenced pest controllers that go by a standard of guidelines. You can find their address here and much more at our website: http://baitpoint.co.uk

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